Starting with the basics: Philosophy of Science
Currently, I am in a learning group with other doctoral students of Professor Baumgartner to study the basics of science: philosophy of science. Silke Kleindienst organized and structured the group and suggested to start with the works of Erhard Oeser. Since the participants are located all over Germany and Austria, we use the learning platform moodle to communicate and discuss.
First insights I had into the philosophy of science were that the sciences are all founded upon the same principles (either to explain an unusual event or understand the purpose of an action) and that science should always follow specific ethics. Especially the ethics debate started a long discussion in our group, since science is supposed to research for the needs of people. So the first problem is, what exactly ARE the needs of people? Second problem is, aren't there sciences that intend to induce needs in people like marketing? Are such sciences still sciences, or are they just sciences who do not follow the science ethic, i.e. researching for the needs of the people? I am not sure we came to a conclusion regarding these two problems.